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Climate Change Threatens the Monarch Butterflies’ Survival

Humans have to realisee that maltreatment on the environment affects every species on the planet. Endangering one, endangers them all.

Humans have to realisee that maltreatment on the environment affects every species on the planet. Endangering one, endangers them all.

Monarch butterflies are the first thing people imagine when picturing a butterfly. The number of monarch butterflies is dwindling rapidly. According to the Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation, “a decline of approximately 80 [percent]has been seen in central Mexico and a decline of approximately 99 [percent] has been seen in coastal California.”

The population of butterflies went from hundreds of millions to a few thousand in the last 20 years. This threatens to destroy the balance in the ecosystem as these butterflies pollinate numerous flowers around the world and act as food to several small animals.

The cause of the demise of the monarch butterflies is climate change, urbanization and their effects on the environment monarch butterflies depend on for survival. 

Urbanization has destroyed the majority of the milkweed plants that monarch butterflies lay their eggs on. Urbanization has taken over areas where this plant typically grows, posing a threat to the butterflies as it limits their reproductive capabilities. 

Urbanization has also limited the butterflies’ migration routes. This is especially true in Mexico, an increase in deforestation and development has limited available migration locations for the butterflies during the winter.

Climate change is also affecting the habitats of these animals. According to National Geographic, in addition to urbanization reducing the availability of milkweeds, the increased levels of carbon dioxide are making the plants too toxic for monarch consumption.

Additionally the rising temperatures caused as a result are also affecting the migration patterns of monarch butterflies. As the temperatures increase, the monarchs have to fly farther North during the summer months  otherwise they would molt and inevitably die.

Thus far, the conservation of National Parks has been a saving grace for these butterflies. These parks ensure the butterflies will have a habitat. Conservationists have tagged the monarchs spotted in these parks to allow further studies of the migration patterns. Monarchs have been tagged from a variety of national parks in a variety of parks to collect as much information as possible.

A primary agent in the monarch butterfly conservation movement has been Wildlife Without Borders, a grant program from Mexico which works to protect and replenish the habitats of the monarch butterflies. This program has existed since the mid-1990s, when the numbers of the monarch butterflies began to decline.

This was not Mexico’s first attempt to preserve the existence of monarch butterflies. In 1986, Mexicocreated the Mariposa Monarca, or in English the Monarch Butterfly, Biosphere Reserve. This protects forest land within four distinct butterfly sanctuaries.There are several agencies in Mexico and the U.S that contribute to the conservation effort, despite the public’s lack of knowledge on the subject.

Despite the drastic decrease in the monarch population, the butterflies are not officially listed on the endangered species list. Currently they do have the protection of the Endangered Species Act. This is the temporary status given to the butterflies, a permanent decision will be made by the end of the year.

The programs and agencies cannot save the butterflies on their own, the public needs to be aware that the environmental decisions of humanity, affect the the other animals in the ecosystem. Human perseverance should not be at the expense of the defenseless.

About the Writer
Photo of Angelique Robinson
Angelique Robinson, Web Editor

Angelique Robinson is a senior at Durant and is Web Editor for the PawPrint newspaper. She loves writing creative pieces, as well as more serious articles...

Alex Trebek Raises Awareness for Pancreatic Cancer

Despite+diagnosis%2C+Trebek+remains+in+high+spirits.+He+even+ha+high+hopes+for+the+next+Jeopardy+host+when+the+time+comes.

Fox News

Despite diagnosis, Trebek remains in high spirits. He even ha high hopes for the next Jeopardy host when the time comes.

Alex Trebek has been a beloved game show host on ‘Jeopardy!’ for over 30 years and has contributed greatly to the popularity of the game show. He not only brings his personality to the show, but he also brings his diligence.  Sadly, Trebek was diagnosed with stage 4, pancreatic cancer just last year in March of 2019, but that has not stopped him from giving his all to the show.

Trebek has expressed through the show about his pancreatic cancer and its awareness. Alex Trebek has received a tremendous response from viewers since his announcement. He has received emails, fan mail, gifts, and much more from his loving fans all sending him love, thoughts, and prayers.

During a recent episode of ‘Jeopardy!’, the players were in the Final Jeopardy round with the category of Famous Phrases; one of the players, Dhruv Gaur, wrote “What is we ‘love’ you Alex,” as his answer.

This expression of admiration and appreciation left Trebek choked up and emotional.  Not only are viewers showing their love and support for Alex Trebek, but the contestants are as well. The host of ‘Jeopardy!’ has even been saving the lives of others.

On the show, Alex Trebek teamed up with the World Pancreatic Cancer Coalition to spread awareness about this awful disease. Trebek decided to use his platform to express some of the signs of this disease to look for if there is someone out there experiencing the same thing. Some of the signs are: unintentional weight loss, upper abdomen pain, lower back pain, and a few more symptoms.

The host recieved one letter in particular that expressed gratitude toward Trebek raising awareness of his cancer. After hearing Alex Trebek explain some of the signs of pancreatic cancer, this particular fan had a family member experiencing the same things and decided to see a professional about it.

The fan’s family member did end up having stage 1 pancreatic cancer, and it was determined to be treatable. Through Alex Trebek’s recognition of the disease, he ended up saving that person’s life. Even with this unfortunate illness, Trebek has decided to take this negative situation and turn it around into a positive circumstance.

Even with his unfortunate disease, Alex Trebek has not let it tear him down. Instead he displays determination and still shows up to work at 6:00 am, every morning to start his job as host of ‘Jeopardy!’. While taping the show and during commercial breaks, as a host, Trebek likes to talk to the audience and answer their questions to show a little of his personality.

Trebek statedPan that he plans to continue hosting ‘Jeopardy!’,  “as long as my skills have not diminished,” (abcnews.go.com). 

Trebek has captured viewers’ hearts with his determination, personality, and humility. “The show is the most important thing, and the contestants. The host is important, but in a third stage only,” Alex Trebek stated in an interview with Business Insider.

Trebek sells himself short, but everyone knows that the heart of ‘Jeopardy!’ is its host, Alex Trebek.

About the Writer
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Mattie Powers, Staff Writer

Mattie Powers is a senior at Durant High School and a Staff Writer for the PawPrint newspaper. Not only is Mattie Powers involved in the PawPrint, but...

Child hockey player mic’d up during team practice; makes hilarious commentary

Child+hockey+player+gives+humorous+comments+during+team+practice.

Today Show

Child hockey player gives humorous comments during team practice.

The mind of a four-year old is difficult to process, and every parent wants to know what is happening inside their mind whenever they do the ridiculous activities that kids are known for. Young children contain an amount of energy that knows no bounds.

To waste a child’s almost-limitless amount of energy, many parents decide to include their child in sports activities that includes a lot physical exercise. Children who play sports tend to have a certain lack of focus, compared to an older adolescence.

As a result of children giving little-to-zero dedication toward their sport, coaches and parents often wonder what is contributing to the mindset of their child’s actions.

While some parents question the actions of their unattentive children, other parents are in the works to figure out what is happening in their young brains.  Well, to give a humorous answer to this scenario, coach Jeremy Rupke from Ontario, Canada attached a mic to his four-year-old son, Mason, during a practice for the Timbits minor hockey team in order to hear exactly what is happening in his son’s mind during practice.

The mic would pick up and record any commentary that Mason would speak.

After Mason was recorded during the practice, Rupke decided to post his experience online with the rest of the world. Following the recent sharing of the recording from many big-name Twitter accounts, such as JJ Watt; player for Houston Texans and ESPN, the video containing Rupke’s recordings of his son soon became viral across social media. What went on out on the ice was a fun way to observe how young children think in correlation to how they perform on and off their field of play.

View the video below for the full commentary from Mason, as recorded by his father.

About the Contributor
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Marina Hawkins, Social Media Coordinator, Photo Editor

Marina Hawkins is a junior at Durant and is the Photo Editor and the Social Media Coordinator for the PawPrint newspaper. She is also part of the Varsity...

Marijuana legalization affects more than just smokers

New legislation in Canada may affect marijuana policy worldwide

Marijuana+supporters+changed+the+maple+leaf+to+a+cannabis+leaf+after+legalization.

BBC News

Marijuana supporters changed the maple leaf to a cannabis leaf after legalization.

Canada has had the same marijuana policy for 17 years, their policy allowed for the use of medicinal marijuana. Recently however, the nation legalized the use of recreational marijuana, meaning that anyone over 18 or 19 years old can smoke marijuana without risk of prosecution. Uruguay is the only other nation who shares the same policy as Canada. This policy does not solely affect Canada’s marijuana loving citizens but foreign citizens who are likely to visit in the future.

In contrast, the United States, with much protest, has failed to legalize recreational marijuana use on the federal level. Naturally, learning that Canada has nationally legalized the practice has sparked the interests of many American smokers. People started asking questions to see if anything would change in regard to the United States.

Many smokers wanted to know if their actions in Canada were punishable when they returned to their native countries. Different nations have come out with different statements on policy.

According to the Washington Post, the government is going to be stricter on border control, Americans may go to Canada and indulge in marijuana, but they may not return with any in their possession otherwise they may face criminal charges. Another change in border control will be that if a Canadian citizen admits to marijuana use then they will not be permitted to cross the border and may be banned for life.

Not every nation feels the same way about how to handle Canada’s recreational legalization. There are some nations that will have similar policy to the United States, they will allow their citizens to go to Canada and use marijuana if they do not try to return with any in their possession.

There are also countries who will have strict policy when it comes to this issue. According to Narcity and the New York Times, South Korea and Japan are two of these nations. Within each country marijuana use, possession and transportation is illegal. Their policies against marijuana will go with citizens who are visiting Canada, they can face substantial fines and even years in prison.

There is a large-scale debate on the fairness and seriousness of the issue. When asked if marijuana was worth going to Canada, one Durant stude

Ekos Politics
The graph shows that even in 2015, 67 percent of Canadians supported legalization, showing how long Canadians have longed for legalization

nt says “Of course it is, that would make for a fantastic eighteenth birthday.” While some smokers feel passionately about the issue, others feel less seriously. When a student in Illinois was asked the same question, they replied with, “No, smoking is never that serious.”

Geography is not a factor in this decision, both Florida and Illinois have laws to allow medicinal uses of marijuana. Even students at the same school have differing opinions on the matter. While still being asked the same question, another Durant student believes, “No, no one should even think about doing that.”

The second Illinoisan student was asked a slightly different question than the above students. The student was asked was asked if bringing back marijuana from Canada should be allowed. The student believes that “It should be brought, I don’t think it does much harm.” The government does not agree because it is not legal on a national level thus they would have n way of knowing if the drug is legal in the specific citizen’s state.

There also would be no way of proving a traveler is from a state where marijuana is legal. Changing border control to be able to do these this would require lots of money to provide all officials with the technology and trainings to run programs. This would also slow down border control drastically.

Alongside how to handle customs control, many nations will face increased pressures to legalize the practice. Swiftly after the legalization occurred and people learned of the policy’s success, many bloggers and activists began pressuring their governments to adapt the same policy as Canada. These bloggers exist all over the globe, hoping that their governments succumb to the pressure.

There are many arguments for nations to legalize the practice, one of them is to boost the economy. The second Illinois student believed that this was one of the best reasons to legalize the product. Canada’s legalization is going to drastically change their economy.

For Canada the implementation is going to boost their economy. According to PBS’ estimates, Canada could make $1 billion in tax revenues within a year and this number would continue to rise as years go on.

More people are going to invest in the business due to mass popularity as there has been a mass shortage shortly after legal stores opened. Companies dedicated to marijuana are gaining more stock, they are worth more as people continue to order in these heightened rates.

There are hidden consequences that people did not think about that have arisen. For one, no one expected there to be such a large demand for marijuana after the legalization. According to Vice, some suppliers did not receive enough product to offset the restless some suppliers did not receive enough product to offset the high demand of restless consumers.

Another result stems from the criminal aspect. The main concern is what happens to all the people in prison who are serving sentences for possession of marijuana, as it is now legal. According to Maclean’s, the government will have to pass policy that will allow those serving simple possession charges to apply for pardons without waiting lists or fees. This only partially reverses the problem; the charge will not be erased from permanent records regardless if the person gains the pardon. The Canadian government will have their hands full trying to pass this legislation and then issuing pardons.

The New York Times
This black market business owners makes no plans to legalize his business due to increase in profitability

This is one of the main arguments against legalization in the United States because of the nation’s incarceration system. There were 599,282 Americans charged with marijuana possession in 2017 alone.

This would mean the executive branch would have to go through at least 600,000 appeals for pardons if the nation were to legalize marijuana. There are so many other issues in the nation that this seems like a waste of the government’s time. On the other hand, these people could remain imprisoned because at the time of their arrests and convictions they did commit a crime.

The government would have to dedicate resources to this job because they would have to have someone take the time to separate those who had simple possession from those who were charged with possession and intent to sell.

Another part of the criminality of it is past offenders, these are the people who were convicted and have already served their time. The average punishment for possession is a $1,000 fine and about one year in prison. This would cause tension to be formed between the federal government and previous offenders.

Having to pay the fine and lose a year of freedom is not very bad as a legal punishment. This changes when other people will begin to get away with the same things that others were prosecuted for. People would begin to resent the government as well as the policy. Overall, this policy would reap havoc on the already chaotic justice system.

The legalization of marijuana seems to have ups and downs for Canada. While the growing cannabis market provides more jobs, the black-market sales are just as high as before the legalization in Canada. Based on everything going on around cannabis, the United States may not want to legalize on a national level.

About the Contributor
Photo of Angelique Robinson
Angelique Robinson, Web Editor

Angelique Robinson is a senior at Durant and is Web Editor for the PawPrint newspaper. She loves writing creative pieces, as well as more serious articles...

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